Science

Below are some published articles, journals and new policies covering education and further information about Infection Control Programs, Antibiotic Resistance, Antimicrobial Stewardship programs (ASPs), Readmission Reduction programs, and more.

Antimicrobial Stewardship in Hospitals and Long Term Care Facilities

Brief updates focusing on current policy  issues related to antimicrobial stewardship and antibiotic resistance.

Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP).

Reform of Requirements for Long-Term Care Facilities

Long-Term Care facilities must meet certain requirements to participate in the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.

Antibiotic Stewarship Reduce Drug-Resistant Bacteria

Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) have been shown to reduce antibiotic use and hospital costs.

Baur D, et al. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Sep; 17(9): 990-1001


CMS Search for Improvements in Long-Term Care Facility Residents

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a final rule to improve the care and safety of the nearly 1.5 million residents in the more than 15,000 long-term care facilities that participate in their programs.

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).

Increased Risk of Infection Following Exposure to Certain Antibiotics

A recent study found an increased risk of sepsis following infection related hospitalizations, possibly mediated by antibiotic-associated microbiome disruption as demonstrated in animal models.

Baggs et. al, Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Volume 3, Issue suppl_1, 1 December 2016, 73.

Antibiotic Surveillance Reduces Readmission, Study Finds

An antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) that guided individual prescriptions during a 6-month period significantly reduced rates of readmission due to infection, report researchers presenting here at the ICAAC.

54th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC): Abstract L-408. Presented September 6, 2014.


Antibiotic Prescribing in Hospitals: Improvements Needed

The recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vital Signs report shows that antibiotic prescriptions in hospitals are often written incorrectly.

Antibiotic Prescribing in Hospitals: Improvements Needed – Medscape – Mar 04, 2014.

General Principles When Prescribing Antimicrobial Therapy

Appropriate use of antimicrobial agents involves: obtaining an accurate diagnosis, determining the need for and timing of therapy, and more.

Mayo Clin Proc. 2011 Feb; 86(2): 156–167.

Hospital’s Readmission Rates Decline When SNF Networks are Developed

A new study found that hospitals with formal networks of skilled nursing facilities (SNF) as part of their care management efforts had reduced readmission rates.

Healthcare Policy, Community Health, Sep. 06 2017.

Antibiotic Resistance in Nursing Homes and Day Care Centers

Bacterial infections are common in nursing homes where bacteria can pass easily among people. Personal contact in these settings is very common and difficultto control; outbreaks of a bacterial infection occur easily.

Gateway to Health Communication and Social Marketing Practice – Sep 15, 2017.

American Journal of Infection ControlNew studies illustrate need for rigorous review of infection preventionist staffing models across healthcare systems

A comprehensive staffing and coverage assessment conducted at Providence Health & Services, a large nonprofit healthcare system, revealed that actual IP labor needs were 31 to 66 percent higher than the current benchmarks system wide.

Medical Press – Jun 26, 2018.